News and Views
THE PHARAOH OF MOSES' TIME
Thursday, May 24, 2012
Every so often I read an article or hear a comment stating that scholars have not been able to locate any definite information as to who was Pharaoh in Egypt at the time of Moses. Such material will tell how the Ancient Egyptians embalmed their Pharaohs and placed them in burial chambers within the bases of the pyramids, and surrounded them with the accounts of their heroic deeds and wise rulings. They assume that the events told about in Exodus would also be an important part of the Egyptian record.
However, such 'scholars' have some blind spots. Many of them deny that the Bible is the inspired Word of God. Many of them deny the very existence of God, and therefore deny that miracles happen. To them, the lack of Egyptian records verifies their disbelief in God and the Bible. Therefore, they don't recognize that a common sense, logical approach from the position of belief in God and the Bible finds in the lack of Egyptian records actual confirmation of the Biblical record. Let me explain.
In brief, the portion of the Biblical record most pertinent to this question centers around God's call to Moses to lead the People of Israel out of Egypt and back to the land which God had promised to them. This was a time when God was very active in proving Himself to His chosen people and to those who wanted to hinder them from doing His will. Moses had been raised in the royal household as a prince of Egypt, chose to reclaim his Israelite heritage, murdered an Egyptian who was beating an Israelite, and escaped Egyptian justice by fleeing to a wilderness area where he spent 40 years as a shepherd. There, God caught Moses' attention one day by means of a bush that burned without being consumed by the fire, and sent him back to Egypt to lead the Israelites out of Egypt to their own land. The Israelites had been forced into slavery in Egypt, so the Egyptians did not want to let their forced labourers go. Moses and his brother, Aaron, were God's spokesmen to the Egyptian Pharaoh as God proved His power and authority through ten plagues, each worse than the one before. Finally, when the last plague saw the death of every Egyptian first born son of man and animal, with no harm to any Israelites, the Israelites were allowed to leave. However, after a time, the Pharaoh changed his mind and led his whole army after them to force them back. The Israelites were trapped between the Egyptian army and the Red Sea, apparently the northern arm of the Red Sea also known as the Gulf of Acaba, where God miraculously parted the waters of the sea and Israel walked through on dry ground. Pharaoh and his army followed them onto the path through the sea, and the waters closed over them, drowning them. (from Exodus 2-14) Claims have been made as to the discovery of the exact route and photography of evidence.
So what happened to the Pharaoh of Moses' time? He drowned in the Red Sea. No body to embalm. No victory to celebrate. No great achievement for the Egyptians to record, so they didn't. The lack of Egyptian evidence is completely logical, makes sense, if you accept the Biblical record as factual.
And consider. The God who created everything that exists from the smallest atom to the vastest galaxy, who created all matter and life and all laws governing matter and life, who cares about every detail down to the number of hairs on our heads (Matt. 10:30), certainly has the ability to perform miracles such as these when it serves His purpose for the good of His people and plan.
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